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RENCANA AKSI NASIONAL

NATIONAL PLAN OF ACTION (NPA)

 


Results of the 2003 Indonesian National Workshop
on the National Plan of Action (NPA) and the
National Commission on Aging,
sponsored by
YEL in cooperation with the government

Presented at the November 2003
HAI Asia-Pacific Regional Conference in Chiang Mai

by Eva Sabdono
Executive Directior
Yayasan Emong Lansia (YEL)
HelpAge Indonesia

PARTNER

 

 

Additional Information in this Power Point Presentation

 

NATIONAL PLAN OF ACTION (NPA)
INDONESIA.

The Second World Assembly on Ageing held in Madrid, Spain in April 2002, was attended by dignitaries
and ambassadors of 20 countries including Indonesia, as well as NGOs (including Yayasan Emong Lansia).

In September 2002 a regional meeting by UNESCAP was held in Shanghai-China and resulted in the
Shanghai Implementation Strategy, serving as reference for participating countries to develop the
National Plan of Action on Ageing for each country.

While it is generally acknowledged that ageing is a positive outcome of combined social, economic
and health advance, the challenge faced by many countries is to develop appropriate policies and
take practical measures to transform this positive concept of ageing into reality.

As a follow up of these two conferences, specifically on the importance of forming a
National Commission on Ageing as well as revising the current National Plan of Action for older persons,
Yayasan Emong Lansia in cooperation with the Ministry of Social Affairs on behalf of the Government,
UNFPA and HelpAge International, held a National Workshop to discuss these two important issues.

A. GENERAL INFORMATION

.

The Indonesian population is the fourth largest in the world, after China, India and the United States of America with a population of 220 million and the tenth largest elderly population in the world.

Archipelago of more than 17.000 islands.

Java represents 7% of the territory of Indonesia but 2/3 of the total population.

Following reform and decentralization, there are now 33 provinces.

Five (5) provinces have an aged population structure of which Yogyakarta has the highest proportion of older population (13.72%)

Life expectancy at birth (1995-2000) male 63, female 66

Life expectancy at age 60 (2000) male 16.7, female 16.9. In the year 2020-2025 : male 18.3; female 19.3

MMR 373 over 100.000

IMR 45 per 1000

TFR 2.57%

Aged dependency ratio of 6.9% in 2020

Currently there are about 14 million people or 7% of the total population who are above the age of 60 and will double in twenty years from now to 28 million or 11% of ageing population.

By 2010, the number of older persons will equal the number of children under five

 

 

Trend of older population (60+) in Indonesia.

Year

URBAN

%

RURAL

%

TOTAL

%

1971

726.633

3,73

4.544.241

4,64

5.306.874

4,48

1980

1.452.934

4,42

6.545.609

5,75

7.998.543

5,45

1985

2.908.977

4,88

7.342.022

6,07

9.440.999

5.76

1990

2.916.271

5,26

8.361.286

6,75

11.277.557

6,29

1995

4.027.515

5,76

9.175.073

7,43

13.298.588

6,83

2000

5.264.483

6,17

9.271.073

7,92

14.439.067

7,18

2005

9.572.274

8.22

10.364.621

8,74

19.936.895

8,48

2010

12.380.321

9.58

11.612.232

9,97

23.992.553

9,77

2020

15.714.952

11.20

13.107.927

11,51

28.822.879

11,34

Ministry of Social Affairs 2002

 

 

B. IMPORTANT POINTS in the NATIONAL POLICY.

 

Concept, Policy and Strategy.

Concept

Older person is a person who has reached the age of 60.

Policy

Previously policy on the older person was focused on frail older persons or older persons with specific problems. However, nowadays policy is directed to promote healthy and independent older persons through support from the family, community at large and active participation of older persons themselves.

Strategy

1.

Forming and strengthening older persons Organizations / Institutions.

2.

Reinforcement of related organizations / institutions.

3.

Reinforcing management of neglected and older persons at risk.

4.

Maintaining Family and community supports towards older persons livelihood

5.

Improving health services

6.

Improving quality of life in aspects of economy, mental and spiritual and self actualization.

7.

Increasing accessibility for older persons (Age friendly environment).

MAIN PROGRAM

-

Increase older persons social welfare and security

-

Increase older persons health services

-

Strengthening family and community support for older persons

-

Increase quality of life of older persons

-

Increase accessibility for older persons

 

 

 

SUPPORTING PROGRAM

-

Research and development

-

Quality Assurance

-

Recording and Planning

 

 

NATIONAL COMMISSION ON AGEING.

C. PUBLICITY.

The National Policy has received much publicity on TV, radio and newspapers.
Although there was enough coverage both on TV and in the newspapers after the workshop,
there is still need of continued information / broadcasting on ageing population .


 

D. PROCESS OF DEVELOPING THE NATIONAL POLICY.

-

Advocacy with NGOs and the Government

-

Translating of the Madrid International Plan of Action into Indonesian Language

-

Forming of Steering Committee and Organizing Committee, consisting of Government officials, University / Researchers on Ageing , Institutions and NGOs.

-

Forming of Drafting Committee.

-

Finding donors/ sponsors

-

Preliminary meetings

-

Workshop held on 4-5-6 February.

-

Steering Committee and Drafting Committee meetings to edit the NPA and distribute the final version to all stakeholders before the document is published.

-

Post workshop meetings by the steering committee and drafting committee

-

Draft for the National Commission on Ageing was finalized on Aprl 5, 2003

-

National Plan of Action was launched on 29 May 2003

-

Both documents , The National Plan of Action on Ageing and The National Commission on Ageing will be enacted by a Presidential Decree.

-

The 2003 NPA has been published and disseminated to all provinces.

-

The English version for this document is still awaiting sponsorship.

 

 

 

Group discussions were divided in 4 groups

1

Older person and development

2

Health and older persons well-being

3

Enabling environment for older persons and

4

National Body of older persons

 

 

 

Highlights of input from the final plenary were as follows :

-

To include and extend inclusion of various NGOS and other stakeholders related to older persons and ageing such as women, environment, mass media and parliamentarians

-

To conduct macro-economic analysis on the benefit of ageing programs in development

-

To review the existing pension system for both government and private employees

-

To prepare all relevant legal paraphernalia to support the implementation of ageing programs

-

To implement the universal concept of ageing through a society for all ages systematically in every development program in Indonesia

-

To form a body an ageing at national and local level based on existing law, which will function to coordinate all programs on ageing in the NPA for older persons welfare 2003 document

 

 

 

Facilitators / Speakers

1

Minister of Social Affairs : Improving welfare and social protection of older persons

2

Minister of Health : Scope and Accessibility of older persons health services

3

Minister of National Family Planning Coordinating Body : Older population development

4

HAI : Enabling environment for older persons

5

UNESCAP : Keys for successful implementation of older persons programs

 

 

Participants :

Representatives of Government Agencies :
Department of Health, National Education, Justice and Human Rights, Religious Affairs, Transportation, Tourism and Culture, Haousing and area development, BKKBN, People's Welfare, Socail Affairs, Women Empowerment, University of Indonesia (Demography Institute), regional social services.


NGOs :

LLI, YEL, IEN, Kowani, BKKKS, DNIKS, PERGERI, UNFPA, PIVERI, PEPABRI, WULAN, FKLU, PWRI, PEPABRI, Papansosnada, BKSP, YDB, PSM, KOWAVERI, Indonesia Red Cross, HIMPANA, St. Carolus Hospital, Cikini Hospital, Media. And many more.

Drafting Committee of the NPA

Dr. Nugroho (InResAge)
Drs Moeryanta ( Dept. of Social Affairs)
Dra Sri Kastilah ( Coord. Ministry of Peoples Welfare)
Drs. Ponco Nugroho ( Coord. Ministry of Peoples Welfare )
Drs Rondang Siahaan ( Justice Depatment)
Arlina Permanasari MSC ( Trisakti University)
Dr. Siti Hariani MSC ( Dept of Health)
Masri Hasyar SH (Legal Department)
Dra Ida Daswati MPD ( BKKBN)
Subiyono SH,MSc,PhD ( Dept of Home Affairs)
Dra Emmy Rachnawati ( Dept. of Women Empowerment)
Ir. Lilis Herry miss Cicih ( Institute of Demography- University of Indonesia)
Dra Eva A.J. Sabdono MBA ( Yayasan Emong Lansia)
Drs J. Marsaman ( LLI )
N. Moerihadi (LLI)